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Which are the Largest Global 3PLs?
The annual lists of the largest global 3PLs have once again been released by the analysts at Armstrong & Associates, and as usual European and Asian providers dominate the 10 rankings worldwide, based on 2012 revenues.
In that list, led by DHL Supply Chain & Global Forwarding with revenues of almost $32 billion, just two US-based companies cracked the top 10. Those were CH Robinson, with sales of $11.3 billion, and UPS Supply Chain Solutions, with revenue of just over $9 billion.
All told, revenues for US 3PLs (including the US operations of 3PLs headquartered in other regions) increased by 6% on a gross basis to $141.8 billion. That "gross number" includes the cost of purchased transportation. On a net basis, with purchases transportation costs deducted out, total US 3PL revenues rose by 4.1%.
That means growth in 3PL spend last year was about flat with overall economic growth. While "real GDP" rose only 1.8% in the US last year, the right comparison to 3PL spend is GDP growth in current dollars, not indexed for inflation, since the Armstrong numbers are not indexed.
So, net US 3PL revenues rose 4.1% in 2012, while US nominal (non-inflation adjusted) GDP rose 4%, implying that 3PLs share of total logistics spend was about flat - quite a change from most years in the last couple of decades.
That flat spend drove the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of US 3PL revenues from 1996 to 2012 down 0.3% percentage points, to 10%. In 2011, gross US 3PL revenues rose about 5%, meaning the growth of 3PL market share seems to have stalled recently, based on 2011-12 data.
Shipper Spend by Service Area
The spend and 3PL profitability by service area is very enlightening.
"Value added warehouse and distribution" (VAWD) was by far the largest 3PL service area, with net revenues of $27.6 billion that comprised 43% of total net US spend of $63.5 billion.
Top 50 Largest Global 3PLs by 2012 Gross Revenues
|Rank||Third-Party Logistics Provider||2012 Revenue|
|1||DHL Supply Chain & Global Forwarding||$31,639|
|2||Kuehne + Nagel||$22,141|
|4||DB Schenker Logistics||$19,789|
|5||C.H. Robinson Worldwide||$11,359|
|8||UPS Supply Chain Solutions||$9,147|
|12||SDV (Bolloré Group)||$7,038|
|14||Expeditors International of Washington||$5,981|
|21||Hellmann Worldwide Logistics||$3,593|
|24||Kintetsu World Express||$3,155|
|27||Schneider Logistics & Dedicated||$2,700|
|32||Ryder Supply Chain Solutions||$2,280|
|36||Neovia Logistics Services||$1,730|
|37||Menlo Worldwide Logistics||$1,726|
|39||Nissin Corporation/Nissin Group||$1,609|
|42||BLG Logistics Group||$1,540|
|43||J.B. Hunt Dedicated Contract Services & Integrated Capacity Solutions||$1,536|
|45||Total Quality Logistics||$1,387|
|49||Werner Enterprises Dedicated & Logistics||$1,090|
Source: Amrstrong & Associates