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This event is open for all professionals interested or currently working in Starups in Hanoi, or supply chai professionals in Hanoi, or who are interested in looking for business collaboration for U.S. market through meeting with a delegation of Baylor University (U.S.), Executive Master Program.

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

SOURCING / BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER - FERGUSON GLOBAL

Ferguson Global is seeking a Sourcing / Business Development Manager to assist in our Southeast Asia sourcing expansion. This position will report directly to our Regional Manager based in Taiwan and work closely with our staff at Ferguson Enterprises, LLC headquarters in Newport News, VA, USA.

PROJECT MANAGER - ALCON SINGAPORE

The Project Manager (PMO) is a highly visible role that is responsible for driving the transformation activities for Singapore Replenishment Center (SRC) and 3rd party service providers’ warehouses migration from current location to a new location. This leader will lead cross-functional internal and external resources and has overall accountability of the execution and performance of projects and transformation initiatives.

WAREHOUSE OPERATION MANAGER - MAERSK

Manage DC daily operation activities at warehouse facility. To ensure strict execution of the SOP and meet KPIs.

FUTURE GLOBAL SHOCKS: PANDEMICS

2020-01-30 11:46:52

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FUTURE GLOBAL SHOCKS: PANDEMICS

 

I. INTRODUCTION

 

Classifying pandemics as a Future Global Shock is consistent with considering certain aspects of public health and infectious diseases as “existential threats” to human security as described in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) of 1994 and reaffirmed in the 2003 UN Commission on Human Security. The UNDP conceptualizes security as human-centric rather than the traditional state-centric and includes protection from the shocks that affect human safety and welfare, such as disease, hunger, unemployment, crime, social conflict, political repression and environmental hazards. The consequence of such a definition, as Ole Weaver points out (Weaver 2009) is, “... that action according to the normal procedures will not be able to offset this in time, and therefore extraordinary measures are both needed and justified.” In this formulation, the nature of an existential threat depends in part on the particular threatened sector. In considering the traditional national security threat, the survival of the sovereignty, territory and physical condition of the nation is at stake; to the environmental community, the sustainability of an ecosystem is at risk; to the economic sector, survival includes protecting the means of production. To the medical community in general and especially to the public health and infectious diseases sectors, survival under a pandemic global shock clearly refers to taking every action to minimize morbidity and mortality as well as to minimize the effect of the pandemic on the economic, social and political stability of communities, nations and transnational organizations. In this view, analyzing a pandemic future global shock must be informed by its effect on a broad range of key resources and critical infrastructure. Therefore, we argue that the global shock to public health in the form of a pandemic is unique among global shocks in having profound positive and negative externalities and interdependencies.

 

HIV/AIDS is probably the most well studied pandemic in history. It is frequently discussed in the context of securitizing public health issues. This discussion originated with the UN Security Council Resolution 1308 (2000) on the Responsibility of the Security Council in the Maintenance of International Peace and Security: HIV/AIDS and International Peace-keeping Operations, adopted by the Security Council at its 4172nd meeting, on 17 July 2000 in which HIV/AIDS was placed squarely in the cross-hairs of the security debate.

 

The wisdom of securitizing certain infectious diseases has been analyzed predominantly in the political science literature. Arguments are made that such a process will 1) widen the domain of security thereby weakening the traditional military agenda, 2) unnecessarily remove the debate and discussion of policy issues regarding 5 infectious diseases from the biomedical and public health practitioners and place it in the hands of the diplomats, the military and possibly even the intelligence community, 3) focus attention on the needs of the economically and militarily stronger countries and not on global health and 4) inhibit rather than encourage infectious diseases data sharing among nations ((Maclean 2008); (McInnes and Lee 2006); (Feldbaum 2009); (Pereira 2008); (Elbe 2006); (Elbe 2005); (Elbe 2008)). Securitization of public health issues generated a heated international dispute centering on the equitable access to vaccines in a multilateral context with respect to a highly anticipated, but fortunately not realized H5N1 pandemic. An excellent review of the events surrounding this dispute can be found in Stefan Elbe’s 2010 book Security and Global Health: Towards the Medicalization of Insecurity. Professor Thomas Pogge (Yale University) has examined the philosophical foundations of access to medicines and vaccines in the context of human rights and global justice (http://pantheon.yale.edu/~tp4/index.html).

 

We recognize the controversy over declaring certain infectious diseases as security issues, however we agree with Dr. Lincoln Chen’s comments in his address to the Helsinki Process Track on Human Security (Chen 2004):

 

“…human security which may be defined as consisting of human survival, livelihoods, and dignity. Poor health – illness, injury, disability, and death – are critical threats to human security. And of many health problems, those considered most germane to human security are health crisis during conflict and humanitarian emergencies, infectious diseases, and the health problems of poverty and inequity. These three cluster of health problems were selected as being most relevant to human security based on four criteria – scale, urgency, intensity, and externalities. … Especially important are health problems that create emergencies or crises, such as an epidemic or war. The severity of social and economic impact of disease also is an important criterion. Finally, those health threats that generate “spillover effects” onto other problems (and are thus not purely medical problems) are also prioritized. Classical examples of health problems with high externalities are transmitted infectious diseases. One divergent viewpoint was that health was either too broad or too vague to be considered a core aspect of human security. Rather, some believed that the military security of the nation state should retain its primacy. If human security were to expand the types of threats to be prioritized, some stretching of threats to other forms of violence or conflict could be considered. But if health, education, and all sorts of other threats are considered human security challenges, the concept would lose its meaning, since everything ultimately means nothing!

 

That is why the Commission established the four criteria for prioritizing which health problems are linked to human security, … Thus, the concept’s breadth should be seen as a strength, not a weakness.

 

… Another deliberated issue was the “securitization” of health. This term implies an implicit effort to argue for higher political and budgetary prioritization for health as a sector; “securitization” suggests that just as defense and military expenditures are prioritized in the concept of state security, so too should health be prioritized in the concept of human security. …"

 

Read the full report: HERE